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Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi Answers Questions from Domestic and Overseas Journalists on China's Foreign Policy and External Relations

2011-03-10 15:33

The Fourth Session of the Eleventh National People's Congress held a press conference in the Great Hall of the People on the morning of 7 March 2011. Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi answered questions from Chinese and foreign press on China's foreign policy and external relations.

Foreign Minister Yang: Friends from the press, good morning. It's a great pleasure to meet you here today. In his Report on the Work of the Government, Premier Wen Jiabao outlined China's foreign policy and external relations. Now I'm ready to answer your questions.

Xinhua News Agency: The year 2010 witnessed shifting dynamics in the international situation. China's diplomacy attracted wide attention. What do you think were the features of the international situation and China's diplomacy last year? Can you tell us the main items on China's diplomatic agenda for this year, which is the first year of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period? How do you envisage China's diplomacy in the next five or even ten years?

Foreign Minister Yang: Change and cooperation were the two salient features in the international situation in 2010. After the international financial crisis, the world economy struggled to recover, our world continued to undergo major changes, major adjustments and major developments. Steady progress was made in the reform of the world economic governance structure. There was a rapid rise of emerging economies and there was greater balance of international power. The international security situation was on the whole stable. However, at the same time, destabilizing factors and uncertainties increased. In spite of some differences and disagreements between countries over issues of one kind or another, countries have become more interconnected and interdependent. It has become the consensus of more and more countries to promote development through cooperation and pursue security through development.

The year 2010 was one of both challenges and achievements for China's diplomacy. Under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council, we successfully hosted joyful events, properly managed thorny issues and accomplished major tasks. We achieved abundant results in summit diplomacy, advanced our friendship and cooperation with other countries in the world across the board and opened up new dimensions in China's diplomatic work.

This year ushers in the second decade of the new century. This year is also the first year of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period. We will make all-round efforts in pursuing China's diplomacy. In particular, we will give full play to the leading role of summit diplomacy. Last January, President Hu Jintao paid a very successful state visit to the United States. Our whole year's diplomacy got off to a good start. Next month, that is April, the BRICS Leaders Meeting will be held in China. In June, we will have the Shanghai Cooperation Organization's tenth anniversary summit. In October this year, the East Asia Summit will be held and in November the Group of 20 will convene a summit in France and the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting will be held in the United States. All these are very important international conferences. We will make thoughtful arrangements for Chinese leaders' attendance at those meetings. We believe that China will make greater contribution to the success of these meetings and to promoting regional and international cooperation. In short, we have had a good beginning in our diplomacy this year. We must do a good job each step of the way and bring it to a successful conclusion.

Looking ahead to the next five to ten years, the overall objective of China's diplomacy is to foster a more favorable international and neighboring environment for China's domestic endeavor of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and make even greater contribution to the building of a harmonious world of enduring peace and common prosperity. China's diplomacy will play its part in serving the domestic goal of implementing the Twelfth Five-Year Plan and accelerating the transformation of China's economic development pattern. We must pursue an integrated approach in conducting diplomacy. We must give full play to the leading role of summit diplomacy, pursue country-specific, region-specific and area-specific diplomacy in a comprehensive way, coordinate bilateral and multilateral diplomacy and promote the all-round development of political, economic and cultural diplomacy. We will continue to bear in mind both the domestic and international situations. We will have a correct grasp of the interactive relationship between peaceful development and scientific development. We will unswervingly pursue the win-win strategy of opening-up so that we can achieve even greater progress along the path of peaceful development.

Interfax of Russia: How do you evaluate the current state of China-Russia strategic partnership of coordination and what do you expect from the development of this relationship this year?

Foreign Minister Yang: Last year, China-Russia relations achieved good results. Leaders of the two countries reached important agreement on further deepening the China-Russia strategic partnership of coordination and China-Russia relations have been lifted to a higher level.

This year marks the tenth anniversary of the signing of the China-Russia Treaty of Good Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation. This year is also the fifteenth anniversary of the establishment of the China-Russia strategic partnership of coordination. The two countries will seize these new opportunities to further advance their strategic partnership of coordination. First, at the invitation of President Medvedev, President Hu Jintao will pay a state visit to Russia. The two sides will jointly host a series of activities to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the signing of the China-Russia Treaty of Good Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation. Second, the two countries will work together to enhance their practical cooperation in a wide range of areas. Leaders of the two countries have reached important agreement on this aspect. The two countries will work together to step up their cooperation on some key projects in such fields as economy and trade and high technology as well as their exchanges at the local level. Third, there have been such activities as the "National Year" and "Language Year" between the two countries, and there have been a lot of popular activities under such framework. We will work with our Russian colleagues to institutionalize these popular activities. Fourth, the two countries will step up their cooperation in regional and international organizations and enhance collaboration and coordination in addressing regional hotspot issues.

In a word, China and Russia are good neighbors, good friends and good partners. Trust and credibility form the foundation of all undertakings. This is a major conclusion we have drawn from the growth of China-Russia relations. It is also an important guarantee for the sustained, coordinated and steady development of China-Russia ties.

ETV of South Africa: You mentioned earlier that the third BRICS summit is taking place in China. What are your expectations? But also some people believe that BRICS is developing into an emerging market bloc that competes against the developed world, what are your comments?

Foreign Minister Yang: We welcome South Africa's joining the BRICS and we welcome President Zuma to come to attend the BRICS Leaders Meeting in Sanya, Hainan Island of China, in mid April. We hope the upcoming meeting will produce positive and important results. It is important for leaders of the BRICS countries to step up their exchanges and dialogue. The BRICS countries may have different historical and cultural backgrounds, but the BRICS countries all have the tasks of sustaining the sound momentum of domestic development and maintaining steady economic and social development at home. The BRICS countries have a keen interest in international economic and financial developments, therefore to enhance their exchanges and dialogue is not only the shared wish of people of the BRICS countries, but also the expectation of people of the world.

We hope that the BRICS countries will further enhance their practical cooperation. Actually in the past weeks and months, countries have already engaged in productive cooperation in environmental protection and the business communities and think tanks of the BRICS countries have conducted exchanges. We hope that the countries will seize the opportunity presented by the leaders meeting. We will work with other countries concerned to innovate the cooperation patterns, enrich the content of our cooperation and bring greater benefits to people of the countries. We hope that the meeting will demonstrate the important and constructive role that the BRICS countries have played in tackling the international financial crisis, spurring world economic recovery and meeting climate challenge. The BRICS countries are not developing into a group of emerging markets that competes with developed countries. The BRICS cooperation is open and inclusive, and it is an important part of South-South cooperation. It also serves as an important bridge in North-South cooperation. We believe that through this leaders meeting, the BRICS will play a bigger role in all these above mentioned areas.

China Daily: We saw cooperation between China and the rest of the world last year. We also witnessed competition in their relations. Some countries said that China's development has hurt their interests. And some even name China as their rival in competition. How do you view the cooperation and competition in state-to-state relations in the current international landscape, in particular China's cooperation and competition with major Western countries and neighboring countries?

Foreign Minister Yang: In the recent period of time, we have seen somewhat more frequent mentioning of the word "competition" in international media reports either by making their own comments or by citing the words of others. To answer this question, it may take a bit more time. Before I do so, I would like to first use this opportunity to convey festive greetings to you and other lady journalists present for the International Women's Day.

China adheres to the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence and norms governing international relations in handling state-to-state relations, including cooperation and competition. To draw on each other's strengths and pursue win-win cooperation has been the mainstream of China's relations with other countries. There is no denying that there may be both cooperation and competition in the business and other exchanges between some countries. I believe, first we need to view competition with an open and inclusive mind. Countries can bring out their comparative advantage and unleash their dynamism and potential in the course of competition to pursue common development. We believe that competition should be conducted on equal and fair terms. We oppose politicizing trade issues and we reject double standards and discrimination. We call for virtuous competition with the purpose of mutual benefit and win-win results. We believe that while pursuing one's own interests, one also needs to accommodate the interests of others. One should learn to put himself in the shoes of others. One should not advance his own interests at the cost of others, still less create confrontation by setting up hypothetical rivals. Competition should be balanced and appropriate. Due to some historical and practical factors, some developing countries are in a relatively disadvantageous position in the course of competition. A helping hand should be extended to those countries to help them increase their ability for sustainable development and to raise the competitiveness of developing countries.

The development of China has offered broader space for China's cooperation with other countries. Over the years, China has had good cooperation with African countries. For example, China has helped African countries to improve their infrastructure, including helping African countries to build over 2,200 kilometers of railways and some 3,400 kilometers of roads. By improving the infrastructural connectivity in African countries, China has helped increase those countries' capability for sustainable development. This is like helping a person's blood circulation run smoother. China will continue to step up its mutually beneficial cooperation with other countries in order to enhance their shared interests. We've also taken experimental steps to work with some developed countries in helping a third country, in particular developing countries. Be it tripartite cooperation or four-party or five-party cooperation, I believe such cooperation must first get the consent and support of the host country.

Lianhezaobao: You have elaborated on the vision of China's foreign policy. I would like to ask you to evaluate China's relations with its neighbors in 2010. And what will be the additional bright spots in China's relationships with neighboring countries this year, in particular, the cooperation between China and ASEAN?

Foreign Minister Yang: In 2010, peace, cooperation and development were on the whole maintained in the neighboring areas of China. New progress was made in China's relations with neighboring countries. The prominent features are as follows. Mutual trust was increasingly deepened. Chinese leaders visited a lot of Asian countries. They had broad and in-depth exchange of views with their foreign counterparts on how to further deepen mutual trust and bilateral cooperation, and much important agreement was reached. Asian countries worked together and did fairly well in overcoming the impact of the financial crisis on Asia. The Asian economy as a whole grew by 8.2% last year. It has become an important engine in driving world economic recovery. We boosted mutually beneficial cooperation, advanced regional integration and worked together in properly addressing regional hotspot issues. China will continue to follow the basic principle of building friendship and partnership with neighboring countries. We will work with neighboring countries to foster a peaceful, stable, inclusive and open regional environment pursuing win-win cooperation.

This year, we will continue to increase political mutual trust. This year marks the 60th, 50th and 20th anniversaries of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Pakistan, China and the Lao PDR, and China and Brunei respectively. This year is also the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the dialogue relationship between China and ASEAN. Moreover, this year is the year of friendly exchanges between China and ASEAN and between China and India. We will hold colorful activities and work with other Asian countries to deepen the friendship and mutual understanding between our peoples and pursue common development in Asia. We will also vigorously promote regional integration. The China-ASEAN Free Trade Area has been fully established, marking a good beginning. We will further deepen such cooperation. At the same time, efforts will also be made to advance the practical cooperation between ASEAN and China, Japan and the ROK.

China and ASEAN countries enjoy geographical proximity. The two sides have already engaged in very friendly cooperation. It is the common aspiration of the two sides to advance connectivity and network building. In this field, good progress has already been made. We will continue to work with the ASEAN countries to map out the future course of actions in advancing our connectivity. It is important that the two sides properly address regional hotspot issues and thorny issues through cooperation so as to maintain peace and stability in this region. This way, we will have even more favorable conditions for our development and prosperity.

Reuters: Minister Yang, last year, we saw some frictions in China-US relations, in particular because of US arms sales to Taiwan. It caused strains on Sino-US ties. How do you see the future of this bilateral relationship? What will be the reaction from the Chinese side if the United States further sells weapons to Taiwan?

Foreign Minister Yang: First, I'd like to point out that President Hu Jintao paid a state visit to the United States at the invitation of President Barack Obama last January. That visit achieved full success. Important agreement was reached between leaders of the two countries on further advancing China-US relations. In particular, the two sides decided to build a China-US cooperative partnership based on mutual respect and mutual benefit. There is now good atmosphere in China-US relations.

We have a full agenda for developing China-US relations in the following months. Vice Premier Wang Qishan and State Councilor Dai Bingguo will co-chair with their US counterparts the third round of the China-US Strategic and Economic Dialogues. State Councilor Liu Yandong will co-chair with her US counterpart the second meeting of the China-US high-level mechanism for people-to-people exchange. Moreover, Vice President Joseph Biden of the United States will pay an official visit to China in the middle of this year. And after that, Vice President Xi Jinping will pay a visit to the United States at an appropriate time.

With respect to the cooperative partnership, I would like to emphasize that we live in an era marked by globalization and common pursuit of peace, development and cooperation. To pursue cooperation as partners represents the trend of our times and the call of the people. Both China and the United States are countries with important influence on the world and the region. The decision of the two countries to establish a cooperative partnership meets the requirement of the times. It's also required by deeper cooperation between the two countries. More and more people in the United States have come to recognize that in handling the United States' relations with China in this new environment, we need to embrace new ideas and foster a favorable atmosphere. The presidents of the two countries have charted the course for future development of China-US relations. What we need to do now is to seize the momentum, build on the progress, earnestly implement the agreement reached by leaders of the two countries and take solid steps in building the China-US cooperative partnership.

It is an objective reality that China and the United States have some differences or even frictions over some issues. What's important is to properly handle these differences on the basis of mutual respect. We firmly oppose US arms sales to Taiwan. We urge the United States to strictly abide by the principles and spirit of the three Sino-US joint communiqués and the China-US joint statements, stop selling arms to Taiwan and take concrete actions to support the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations. This is very important to upholding the overall interests of China-US relations.

CRI: We have seen that China has bought more treasury bonds from some European countries. After that, we have heard two kinds of voices in the international media. One voice has expressed appreciation of China's move in helping European countries to tackle their sovereign debt crisis. Another voice is one of suspicion and worry. What is the strategic consideration behind China's move and what steps will the Chinese government take this year to advance its relationship with Europe?

Foreign Minister Yang: I don't know why we have to analyse each and every issue at a "strategic" level. When friends ask us to extend a helping hand, what should we do? Should we do it, or not do it? Some people will always have something to say, whether we do it or not. The fact is that China has followed closely the sovereign debt crisis in some European countries. We have bought treasury bonds from the relevant countries, and we have helped the European countries to advance the EU integration process. We believe that these steps taken by China have been well-received by the countries and people in Europe, in particular the governments and people of those countries concerned. Economic globalization has brought the interests of countries closely intertwined. Under such circumstances, countries should stick together like passengers in the same boat, rather than crowd each other out. Countries should pursue mutual trust, rather than harbor mutual suspicion. In this way we will be able to live with each other in harmony.

China and the EU are two major economies in the world, and we are each at a crucial stage in our respective development. We should pursue cooperation through mutual help. This is a good thing for both sides to do. So why not go ahead with it? In a word, we will work with the EU to further deepen our comprehensive strategic partnership. The two sides should work together to pursue a political partnership based on mutual respect and mutual trust, deepen their economic partnership featuring win-win cooperation, and build a cultural partnership on the basis of mutual learning and mutual complementarity. This year is the year of youth exchange between China and the EU. We hope that by hosting such large-scale exchange activities, the two sides will further increase their friendship and mutual trust between the people of the two sides, so as to lay a more solid social foundation for the continued growth of the China-EU comprehensive strategic partnership.

Phoenix TV: I would like to ask a question about a regional issue. We know that the Six-Party Talks have stalled for over two years. It seems that the parties concerned are not confident enough about the Six-Party Talks. We have seen that the DPRK has expressed its willingness to come back to the negotiation table. However, the ROK still insists that inter-Korea dialogue precede the Six-Party Talks. When do you think the Six-Party Talks can be resumed, and how big are the odds for achieving a denuclearized Korean Peninsula through the Six-Party Talks?

Foreign Minister Yang: It is true that the Six-Party Talks have been at a standstill for over two years, during which complex changes took place in the security situation in Northeast Asia. I believe this merits the close attention of all relevant parties. Anyone who views the Six-Party process from a comprehensive and objective perspective will admit that important progress has been made in the Six-Party process. For example, we issued the September 19th Joint Statement. The Six-Party Talks contributed to greater exchanges between the relevant parties and played an important role in maintaining regional stability.

In order to restart the Six-Party Talks, the Chinese side has put forward a series of positive proposals, and the international community has fully recognized this. It is the hope of the international community to see an early resumption of the Six-Party process. The parties concerned also in principle hold a positive attitude towards the early resumption of the Six-Party Talks. The challenge now is that we need to have further consultations on how and when the talks can be resumed. We still need to reach consensus on this point. As known to all, China has been an active supporter of the bilateral contacts and dialogues between the relevant parties. We believe that such dialogue and contacts and the Six-Party Talks can be mutually reinforcing. At the same time, we can not expect the issue to be resolved overnight. The Six-Party Talks is a diplomatic practice where no established precedent can be followed. It is important that all the parties involved work even harder. As an old Chinese proverb reads, one can not travel a thousand miles without taking a succession of solid steps, like an ocean can not take shape without admitting numerous small streams. As long as we get the dialogue off to a start, we can find more and more common languages. In the process of the talks, we can work together to explore solutions to various issues. It is important for all the parties to work even harder for the restart of the Six-Party Talks by taking advantage of the good atmosphere and momentum at present. We believe that as long as all the parties involved keep patience, reinforce their resolve and give full play to their wisdom and capabilities, we will be able to eventually achieve the goal of denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and maintain long-standing peace and stability in Northeast Asia.

Le Figaro: How do you see the role of the G20 and what are your expectations from the G20 Summit in Cannes later this year?

Foreign Minister Yang: The G20 is an important platform in meeting major international economic and financial challenges. It also serves as an important platform for global economic governance. The G20 meeting is a useful attempt in establishing a new type of global partnership for development. It has also reflected the major changes that have taken place in the international economic architecture.

We hope that the G20 Summit to be held in Cannes, France, later this year will take strong steps in the following areas. We hope that the Summit will help facilitate the shift of the role of the G20 from a short-term mechanism for crisis response to a long-term mechanism for economic governance. We hope that the Summit will help the G20 to make even greater contributions to managing serious international economic and financial risks, and promoting progress in the reform of the international financial institutions. We hope that the Summit will take more steps to accommodate and support interests of developing countries. We hope that the countries concerned will increase their input in supporting the development of developing countries and take addressing the development imbalance between the North and the South as the fundamental solution in addressing international economic imbalances.

People's Daily: Recently the Chinese government has evacuated over 30,000 Chinese nationals from Libya. This is the largest evacuation operation organized by the Chinese government since the founding of the People's Republic. It has attracted the close attention of all Chinese people and people of other countries in the world. I wonder if you could tell us more about this evacuation operation. Moreover, since the beginning of this year, there have been some new changes in the situation on the African continent. How do you see the African situation and what is your evaluation of China's cooperation with African countries?

Foreign Minister Yang: The recent turbulence in Libya has affected the life and property safety of Chinese nationals in that country and the Chinese government has taken this very seriously. Under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, we have successfully evacuated Chinese nationals from Libya. This is indeed the largest evacuation endeavor organized by the Chinese government since the founding of the People's Republic. The evacuation campaign has been conducted with the close cooperation of relevant government departments, local governments in China, the armed forces, the Chinese diplomatic and consular missions abroad, the Chinese-invested enterprises and all relevant personnel. During the evacuation campaign, China has also done its utmost in helping 12 countries evacuate some 2,100 of their nationals. These efforts have fully shown that the Chinese government is earnestly applying the vision of "governing the country for the people and carrying out diplomacy for the people". Let me also use this opportunity to express the heartfelt appreciation of the Chinese side to the relevant governments and friends who have given us support and help during the evacuation of Chinese nationals and to all the Chinese overseas communities.

I paid visits to five African countries not long ago. My general impression of the visits is that despite destabilizing factors and uncertainties, the African continent has on the whole maintained peace and stability. It is the shared aspiration of African countries and their peoples and also the objective of all their actions to further advance their economic and social development, to pursue greater regional integration and to enable Africa to play a bigger role and have greater influence in regional and international affairs. There has been good cooperation between China and African countries as well as the African Union. The eight measures on strengthening China's practical cooperation with African countries that President Hu Jintao announced at the Beijing summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation have been fully implemented. Moreover, important progress has been made in implementing the eight new measures that Premier Wen Jibao announced at the Fourth Ministerial Meeting of the FOCAC. I would also like to tell you that among the assistance projects that President Hu Jintao announced, the African Union Convention Center will be completed within this year. This is the largest project built by the Chinese side following the Tanzara railway. We are making thoughtful plans and preparations for the next ministerial meeting of the FOCAC to be held in China next year. In short, we will continue to work with our African friends so as to make greater achievements in China-Africa cooperation.

NHK: Japan-China relationship is one of the most important bilateral relationships for China. Yet, the two countries have different views with respect to the joint development of oil and gas field in the East China Sea and the Senkaku Islands (i.e. China's Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islands). What do you think the two countries should do to resolve these issues and further promote the strategic relationship of mutual benefit between the two countries as well as nurture friendly sentiments between the peoples of the two countries? Last evening Foreign Minister Maehara of Japan suddenly announced his resignation. I would like to ask what is your view on this? His resignation may lead to instability in the Japanese political situation. Do you think it will affect China-Japan relationship? My last question is that Japan will be the host of the foreign ministers' and leaders' meetings of the Japan-China-ROK cooperation mechanism this year. What do you expect from this cooperation mechanism?

Foreign Minister Yang: We have taken note of the fact that Japanese leaders have sent some important and positive messages concerning China-Japan relationship, hoping that both sides will view and handle this relationship from a strategic perspective. The Chinese side is ready to work with the Japanese side to keep the relationship to the right direction in accordance with the four political documents between the two countries. I also take the view that for both China and Japan, the China-Japan relationship is one of the most important bilateral relationships. So, to pursue a sound Sino-Japanese relationship should be a wise choice for both sides. Since the end of last year, leaders of the two countries have met several times, pushing forward the improvement of this bilateral relationship. I believe this year is of high importance for the improvement and development of China-Japan relations for both countries. We are ready to work with the Japanese side to maintain and intensify high-level exchanges and increase our mutual trust. Premier Wen Jiabao will attend the China-Japan-ROK leaders' meeting in Japan in May this year. Vice Premier Wang Qishan will go to Japan to attend the China-Japan high-level economic dialogue. These are important activities in our high-level contacts.

You mentioned how to nurture friendly sentiments between peoples of the two countries. I think this is indeed a very important thing. We must keep the bilateral relationship to its right direction and let the people of both countries see that a sound bilateral relationship between the two countries has indeed brought about real benefits. We must well manage sensitive issues and avoid escalation of differences. We also need to step up our cultural and people-to-people exchanges so as to lay a better foundation for the improvement and development of Sino-Japanese ties.

It is the view of the Chinese side that we have every reason to make the East China Sea a sea of peace, cooperation and friendship. China adheres to the principled common understanding reached between the two countries on the issue of the East China Sea. There has been no change in this position. Due to well known reasons, efforts to implement the principled common understanding have encountered some twists and turns. We believe that both sides should bear in mind the overall interests of the strategic relationship of mutual benefit between the two countries and appropriately handle sensitive issues so as to foster sound conditions and environment for the implementation of the principled common understanding. The position of the Chinese government on the Diaoyu Islands is consistent and clear-cut. This issue is highly sensitive and it must be handled very carefully. We have repeatedly asked the Japanese side to take credible steps to prevent the reoccurrence of what happened last year so as to uphold the larger interest of China-Japan relations.

I met on many occasions with Foreign Minister Maehara and we reached some important agreement on improving and growing the China-Japan strategic relationship of mutual benefit. No matter who will succeed him, I am ready to maintain a sound working relationship with the Japanese foreign minister and work together with him to implement the important agreement reached between leaders of the two countries on the development of Sino-Japanese ties. We hope that the leaders' meeting of China, Japan and the ROK to be held in May will produce positive outcomes. We hope that the meeting will contribute to greater strategic communication, mutual political trust and practical cooperation in various fields. Our priority should be to promote the joint research among the three countries on an FTA and advance the negotiation process for the investment treaty. We need to deepen cooperation in developing a circular economy and in science, technology and environmental protection. And we need to step up cultural and people-to-people interaction. At the same time, we hope the three countries will play a bigger role in promoting peace, stability and development in Asia as a whole.

CCTV: We have witnessed profound and complex changes in the international architecture. What kind of international order do you think is reasonable?

Foreign Minister Yang: Continuous, complex and profound changes have taken place in the international architecture and international order. I think there are three positive trends that merit our attention. First, the trend towards greater balance of international power. The emerging economies are developing rapidly and this has made the international pattern move in a direction that is conducive to peace and development. Second, the trend towards deeper reform of the world economic governance structure. The influence and say of developing countries in relevant international institutions have been on the rise. Third, the trend towards greater international willingness for win-win cooperation. Multilateralism has gained greater popular support. I believe that these three trends can help make the international order more just and reasonable and at the same time it is going to be a long and complex process. In the new year, China stands ready to work with other countries in the world to intensify our efforts in maintaining world peace and promoting common development.

The press conference lasted two hours. More than 500 journalists from home and abroad attended the press conference.

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